Extradural Brain Haemorrhage Compensation Solicitors - Medical Negligence Claim

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An Extradural haemorrhage is also called an epidural haematoma or an extradural haematoma. It occurs when there is bleeding between the outer covering of the brain and the inside of the skull. The outer covering of the brain is called the “dura”. It is often caused by a skull injury causing a skull fracture in children or in adolescents. Older people tend not to get this type of bleeding as much because the dura is more closely attached to the skull than in younger people.

An extradural bleed is usually from a ruptured artery and is the result of having had a severe head trauma, such as occurs in motor vehicle or motorcycle accidents. You can also get venous bleeding (from a ruptured vein) in younger children.

Bleeding from an extradural haemorrhage is usually very rapid so that blood collects and pools in an area that presses upon the brain. Such pressure can destroy brain cells and cause brain damage. In fact, permanent brain damage can result unless the extradural bleeding is treated as a vital emergency. Death can occur within minutes to a couple of hours.

Brain haemorrhage claim solicitors deal with applications for awards of damages for personal injury on the basis of medical negligence following either miss-diagnosis or failed surgical intervention both of which can cause a worsening of the initial problem.

Symptoms of Extradural Haemorrhage

Initial symptoms of an extradural haematoma include dizziness, confusion, altered level of consciousness, severe headache, enlarged pupil on one side of the body, head injury with rapid loss of consciousness or rapid deterioration in functioning, nausea, vomiting and weakness. The symptoms happen within a few minutes to an hour after a head injury and represent a true medical emergency. A typical pattern involves a sudden loss of consciousness after the injury, followed by some form of alertness and then loss of consciousness again.

Brain haemorrhage claim solicitors often deal with cases where a patient in the early stages of a brain haemorrhage presents at hospital suffering from severe headache to be told to go home and take analgaesics. Within a few hours the patient is unconscious, often with little chance of full recovery which may have taken place with early surgical intervention. This scenario may be determined to be an issue of medical negligence leading to an award of damages for pain and suffering and financial losses.

Testing for Extradural Haematoma

A complete neurological examination can show multiple deficits or evidence of an increased intracranial pressure. One pupil is often much larger than the other. Time should not be wasted on any other testing, with the exception of a CT scan of the head, which should show the area of bleeding. It should be reserved, however, in relatively stable patients who can afford to wait for surgery or if the surgeon has not yet arrived.

Treatment of Extradural Haematoma

Because an extradural haematoma is an emergency condition, there should be prompt referral to a neurosurgeon who can open the brain up at the specified area and can allow the blood and hematoma to drain or be removed. The bleeding site must be repaired so no further bleeding happens. Larger haematomas need to be removed via a craniotomy, which is a larger window open in the skull itself.

The individual will need life support in the form of intubation and IV therapy. Medications such as mannitol are used to decrease intracranial pressure. Steroids are also used to reduce inflammation in the brain. These are both given by IV in high doses. Dilantin (phenytoin) is used to control seizures and may need to be used for some time.

Prognosis of an Epidural Haemorrhage

The prognosis of an epidural haemorrhage is poor, with many people dying if they don’t have prompt neurosurgical intervention. Even in cases of prompt medical attention, there is a high risk of disability or death following this type of injury.

Complications of an Epidural Haemorrhage

Permanent brain damage is a complication of an epidural haematoma. Seizures can persist for several months and can begin as many as two years after the injury. Children recover faster than adults but incomplete recovery is commonplace. Adults recover within 6 months and reach their maximal potential after about 2 years. Other complications include brain herniation and death or permanent coma, and a condition called normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Medical Negligence Solicitors

Our brain haemorrhage claim solicitors deal with legal action for medical negligence using the no win no fee scheme. If you would like free legal advice with no further obligation just call the helpline, email our offices or use the contact form.

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